Essential Science Indicators (ESI) is an analytical tool that helps you identify top-performing research in Web of Science Core Collection. ESI surveys more than 11,000 journals from around the world to rank authors, institutions, countries, and journals in 22 broad fields based on publication and citation performance. Data covers a rolling 10-year period and includes bimonthly updates to rankings and citation counts.
Essential Science Indicators is sourced from the Science Citation Index-Expanded (SCIE) and the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) in Web of Science Core Collection.
Inclusion in ESI is dependent upon meeting certain citation thresholds. Only the most highly cited individuals, institutions, journals, countries and papers are included in ESI. This chart shows the citation thresholds that must be met in order to appear in ESI.
|Highly Cited Papers
How to Read This Table: This table shows you the citation performance threshold that an entity's research needs to meet in order for it to qualify as Highly Cited in a field. Data Years refers to the years examined - 10 means that the full ESI data file is considered. Percentiles are inverted, so 1% means that an entity is performing in the top 1% when compared to peers.
Examples: To be included as a Highly Cited Researcher in Chemistry, the total number of citations to a person’s Chemistry output must be in the top 1% when compared to all other researchers, who have published Chemistry papers in the last 10 years. Each author listed on a paper is counted equally.
Highly Cited Papers are papers that have received enough citations to place them in the top 1% when compared to all other papers published in the same year in the same field, i.e. 2008 Physics papers are only compared to other 2008 Physics papers to determine whether they have been cited enough to rank in the top 1%.
For Hot Papers, only papers published in the last 2 years are considered. Hot Papers are receiving citations quickly after publication. These papers have been cited enough times in the most recent bimonthly period to place them in the top 0.1% when compared to peer papers. Peer papers are papers that were added to WoS Core Collection during the same bimonthly update and belong to the same field.